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UPDATED: Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Found in Mumbai Slums

Posted: January 18th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Cankler Science News, Medicated | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on UPDATED: Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Found in Mumbai Slums

Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Found in Mumbai SlumsDoctors in India say they have found cases of a rare strain of tuberculosis which appears totally resistant to antibiotics. Doctors said they tried to treat a dozen patients from Mumbai’s slums for two years, but the infection proved to be resistant to drugs. Experts say similar cases of incurable tuberculosis have emerged in Italy and Iran, and pose a serious threat to global efforts to control the disease. “It is an untreatable form of Tuberculosis in the sense that there are no available first and second-line drugs for it in the world,” says Zarir Udwadia, a Tuberculosis doctor at the Hinduja National Hospital in Mumbai. India’s government said the laboratory at Hinduja was not accredited for some of the tests that Dr Udwadia’s team carried out, and questioned the term “totally drug-resistant Tuberculosis”. “The term … is neither recognized by the WHO – World Health Organisation – nor by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program,” it said in a statement. Such cases can be managed by national extensively drug-resistant – XDR – Tuberculosis treatment guidelines, according to the WHO.

UPDATE: January 19, 2012. Indian Government Denies Tuberculosis Claim

The Indian government has dismissed reports that a form of incurable tuberculosis has arrived in the country. In a paper published late last year in Clinical Infectious Diseases, Zarir Udwadia and his colleagues at the Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre in Mumbai reported 12 cases of totally drug-resistant tuberculosis (TDR-TB) (see ‘Totally drug-resistant TB emerges in India’)

But in a statement released on 17 January, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare dismissed the report. It says that a team of doctors sent by the ministry found that seven of the patients are responding to treatment. “For now, these cases are defined as Extensively Drug Resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), and accordingly can be managed by national XDR-TB treatment guidelines,” it says.

Read More at nature


Chinese Tree Offers Hope For Alcoholics

Posted: January 18th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Applied Science, Biomechanic, Medicated | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Chinese Tree Offers Hope For Alcoholics

DHM Offers Hope For AlcoholicsResearchers at the University of California – UCLA –  are investigating a 500-year-old Chinese hangover cure in the hope they can put its properties into a pill to help alcoholics and stave off hangovers. Alcoholism is a huge problem globally, killing 2.5 million people each year according to the World Health Organization. There has been serious research recently looking for drugs that stop people drinking, or at least encourage them to drink less.

In an article published in the latest issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, they describe how dihydromyricetin blocks the action of alcohol on the brain and neurons and also reduces voluntary alcohol consumption, with no major side effects, in an early study with rats. Only an estimated 13 percent of people identified as having an alcohol use disorder receive medical treatment, partly due to a lack of effective medications without major side effects. Read the full article »»»»