Posted: March 20th, 2012 | Author: M.Aaron Silverman | Filed under: Cankler Science News | Tags: Chronic Obesity, Genetics, Obesity, Science News | No Comments »
The discovery offers clues about how to turn on brain sensitivity to leptin and insulin, hormones that turn off appetite.
Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have revealed how a mutation in a single gene is responsible for the inability of neurons to effectively pass along appetite suppressing signals from the body to the right place in the brain. What results is obesity caused by a voracious appetite.
Their study, published March 18th on Nature Medicine‘s website, suggests there might be a way to stimulate expression of that gene to treat obesity caused by uncontrolled eating.
The research team specifically found that a mutation in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) gene in mice does not allow brain neurons to effectively pass leptin and insulin chemical signals through the brain. In humans, these hormones, which are released in the body after a person eats, are designed to “tell” the body to stop eating. But if the signals fail to reach correct locations in the hypothalamus, the area in the brain that signals satiety, eating continues. Read the full article »»»»
Posted: February 26th, 2012 | Author: Michael Courtenay | Filed under: Astrobiology, Astronomy, Astrophysical, Cankler Science News | Tags: Astobiology, astronomy, Astrophysics, Earth's Atmosphere, Earthshine, Science News, University of Melbourne | No Comments »
Scientists have developed a new method to study reflected light from the Earth that can correctly measure the amount of cloud cover, ocean and vegetation on our planet. The research, reported in the journal Nature, will allow astronomers to eventually study the atmospheric and surface features of planets in other solar systems. Scientists including Dr Michael Sterzik from the European Southern Observatory in Chile used spectroscopy and light polarisation to look for chemical bio-signatures in Earthshine – sunlight reflected by the Earth onto the surface of the Moon and back again.
Light passing through the Earth’s atmosphere contains a tell-tale spectrum revealing the elements within the gas. It is also strongly polarised by scattering from air molecules, aerosols and cloud particles, and by reflection off the oceans and land. By combining these characteristics in a technique called spectropolarimetry, Sterzik and colleagues successfully obtained information about the Earth from reflected light that wouldn’t be achieved by normal spectroscopic readings alone. Read the full article »»»»
Posted: January 5th, 2012 | Author: M.Aaron Silverman | Filed under: Cankler Science News, Ecology | Tags: Antarctic Marine Biodiversity, Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents, New Undiscovered Species of Marine Life, Science News, Taxa, Yeti Crab | No Comments »
A seven-pronged starfish, a mysterious pale octopus and a new kind of ‘yeti’ crab are among a teeming community of previously undiscovered life on the sea floor near Antarctica, British researchers said. The species, described this week on the online journal PloS Biology, were first glimpsed in 2010 when researchers lowered a robotic vehicle to explore the East Scotia Ridge deep beneath the Southern Ocean, between Antarctica and the tip of South America. The dark and remote area is home to hydrothermal vents, which are deep-sea springs that spew liquid at temperatures of up to 382 degrees Celsius, and have previously been found to host unusual life forms in other parts of the world.
“Hydrothermal vents are home to animals found nowhere else on the planet that get their energy not from the Sun but from breaking down chemicals, such as hydrogen sulphide,” said lead researcher Alex Rogers of Oxford University. ”The first survey of these particular vents, in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica, has revealed a hot, dark, ‘lost world’ in which whole communities of previously unknown marine organisms thrive.”
Vent ecosystems have been documented from many sites across the globe, associated with the thermally and chemically variable habitats found around these, typically high temperature, streams that are rich in reduced compounds and polymetallic sulphides. This most recent work by Steven Chown and his team of researchers has brought to the surface some pretty incredible findings, animal communities of the Southern Ocean vent ecosystems are very different to those found at other vent locations around the globe. Much of the biological significance of deep-sea hydrothermal vents lies in their biodiversity, the diverse biochemistry of their bacteria, the remarkable symbioses among many of the marine animals and these bacteria, and the prospects that investigations of these systems hold for understanding the conditions that may have led to the first appearance of life. Read the full article »»»»
Posted: December 13th, 2011 | Author: M.Aaron Silverman | Filed under: Applied Science, Cankler Science News, Physics, Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Physics, Quantum Physics, Science News | Tags: ALICE, ATLAS, Big Bang, Cankler Science News, CERN, European Organisation for Nuclear Research, Giga Electron Volts, Higgs, Higgs Boson, Large Hadron Collider, LHG, Quantum Physics, Quantum Theory, Science News | No Comments »
Scientists at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research - CERN - say they have found signs of – although not yet conclusively discovered – the Higgs boson, an elementary particle which is the missing link in the Standard Model of physics.
The famed particle is the missing link in current theories of physics, used to explain how everything gains its mass. Rumors have been crashing about the scientific community for weeks on these findings.
Fabiola Gianotti, the scientist in charge of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, said the signal was centred at around 126 – GeV – Giga Electron Volts.
“I think it would be extremely kind of the Higgs boson to be here,” Gianotti told a seminar to discuss the findings :: Read the full article »»»»
Posted: December 9th, 2011 | Author: Buster Cookson | Filed under: Cankler Science News, NASA | Tags: Missing Astromaterials, NASA, Science News, Stolen Samples | No Comments »
It seems researchers have sticky fingers when it comes to NASA’s moon rocks and meteorites, as hundreds of samples have gone missing after being loaned out by the US space agency, an audit has revealed.
NASA inspector General Paul Martin issued a report detailing weak points in the US space agency such as the agency making loans to researchers who never use the samples, or simply lose track of rare pieces dating back to the first trip to the Moon in 1969.
“According to NASA records, between 1970 and 2007, 517 loaned astromaterials have been lost or stolen” the report said.
Astromaterials include Moon rocks and soil; meteorites from asteroids, Mars, and the Moon; ions from the outer layers of the Sun; dust from comets and interstellar space; and cosmic dust from Earth’s stratosphere. Read the full article »»»»
Posted: December 9th, 2011 | Author: M.Aaron Silverman | Filed under: Applied Science, Cankler Science News, Chemically Engineered, Medicated | Tags: Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease Laboratory, Alzheimer's Disease, Alzheimer's Vaccine, Associate Professor Lars Ittner, Cankler Science News, MAPT, Microtubule Associated Protein Tau, Science News, Sydney University, Tau Proteins | No Comments »
Scientists have had success with a vaccine that could ultimately slow down advanced Alzheimer’s disease in humans. The team from Sydney University have published – PLoS ONE – details of a study which shows the vaccine slows one type of dementia by stopping neuro-fibre tangling.
Associate Professor Lars Ittner from Sydney University – Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease Laboratory says the study was conducted on mice that were already developing the condition. Ittner said it was the first time researchers had proved a vaccine that targeted the tau protien in mice that had already developed the disease. Read the full article »»»»
Posted: November 22nd, 2011 | Author: M.Aaron Silverman | Filed under: Favorite New Thought, NASA, Science News, Solar Stars | Tags: Favorite New Thought, International Space Station, ISS, Mike Fossum, NASA, Russian Soyuz Capsule, Satoshi Furukawa, Science News, Sergei Volkov, Solar Stars, Video, Youtube | No Comments »
Three astronauts have landed safely in Kazakhstan aboard a Russian Soyuz capsule after a stay of over five months aboard the International Space Station.
American Mike Fossum, Japan’s Satoshi Furukawa and Russia’s Sergei Volkov touched down outside the remote settlement of Arkalyk just before sunrise on Tuesday after undocking from the ISS earlier in the day. It was during their stay on the ISS that a Russian unmanned Progress supply ship carrying supplies for the station crashed into Siberia in August, forcing a rethink of the timetable for manned spaceflight.
The three astronauts had spent 167 days in space – slightly more than the 161-day mission envisaged as the return was delayed by almost a week due to the Progress mishap. Russian State television pictures showed the astronauts extracted from the capsule apparently in good health.
The Soyuz capsule landed on its side rather than its bottom after its descent to Earth with a parachute, mission control said, but such a landing was not unusual. Read the full article »»»»