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New Study Finds Vaccination Rates of Australian Children are ‘Reassuringly High’

Posted: April 15th, 2013 | Author: | Filed under: Medicated | Tags: , , , , , , | Comments Off on New Study Finds Vaccination Rates of Australian Children are ‘Reassuringly High’

New Study Finds Vaccination Rates of Australian Children are 'Reassuringly High'Research from the National Health Performance Authority has found 77,000 Australian children are not fully immunised. The study – Healthy Communities: Immunisation rates for children in 2011-12 – measures the percentage of children who were considered fully immunised at one, two, three and five years of age. It found 32 areas where the percentage of children fully immunised was 85 per cent or lower for at least one age group. The Australian Medical Association says anything below 93 per cent is unsafe.

The success of immunisation programs depends on public support. A lack of public support for these programs can contribute to a significant increase in preventable diseases, and can be directly linked to the resurgence of once common illnesses like measles and pertussis – whooping cough – of which we’ve recently seen outbreaks of in Australia.

Scientific evidence for the effectiveness of large-scale immunisation is well published, in the US full-vaccination from birth save an estimated 35,000 lives annually and prevents an estimated 14 million infections. Some opponents of vaccination argue that the reduction in infectious disease are a result of improved sanitation and hygiene – rather than vaccination – or that the diseases were already in decline before the introduction of vaccination, unlike medicine however, they don’t process any evidence for these anecdotes.

Repating sometimes is the only way of getting a point across; for vaccination programs to work, 93 per cent of people need to be immunised, any number below this presents a danger for communities. In Australia there are pockets with rates of immunisation as low as 85 per cent. More concerning however is that there are communities relying on Dr Google for medical information, forming what the perceive as informed decisions and lowering immunisation rates in the process. Affluent Eastern Sydney for example has an immunisation rate of 89 per cent, this well educated region is choosing to place it’s children in danger of serious infection due to misguided information? ::::

New Study Finds Vaccination Rates of Australian Children are 'Reassuringly High'

Opposition to immunisation isn’t a limited to the Dr Googles of today, it’s been around for as long as medicine has attempted to improve our health. Religious arguments against vaccination were put forward even before the pioneering work of Edward Jenner. A 1722 sermon entitled “The Dangerous and Sinful Practice of Inoculation” by English theologian Reverend Edmund Massey argued that diseases are sent by G_d to punish sin, that any attempt to prevent smallpox via inoculation is a “diabolical operation”. Today the argument against inoculation continues, perhaps without the wrath of G_d, none-the-less just as ignorant.

The Australian Vaccination NetworkAVN is an oxymoron it’s an anti-vaccination group – say that “vaccines are not safe for everyone. If your child reacts to a vaccine, the risk for that child is 100%. Some children are more susceptible to vaccine injuries than others.” The AVN relies heavily on a parents natural need to protect their children, less than 1 in 100,000 children have a negative reaction to immunisation, even less have a serious adverse reaction. The New South Wales Department of Fair Trading has issued a consumer warning on AVN, it’s also requested that AVN change it’s name because it regards the name to be misleading. AVN is challenging the direction.

Australian Medical Association president Steve Hambleton says vaccination rates are dropping in low socio-demographic areas, but also in wealthy city pockets.

“Central city areas in Melbourne, in Brisbane, there are pockets in Sydney, certainly northern NSW, south-east Queensland, we find small pockets in various places,” he said.

“These are parents who have good information available and yet they are not vaccinating their children.

“We need to look at the groups providing the anti-vaccination messages and make sure we stop them providing unbalanced information.

“We need to say to those parents ‘you need to get balanced information, protect your children and we need to do better’.”

As well as advocating against vaccination, there are more serious reasons for low vaccination, socio-economic, distance and education are all areas that need to be addressed.

Lack of complete vaccine coverage increases the risk of disease for the entire population, including those who have been vaccinated, because it reduces herd immunity. For example, measles vaccine targets children between the ages of 9 and 12 months, and the short window between the disappearance of maternal antibody – before which the vaccine often fails to seroconvert – natural infection means that vaccinated children frequently are still vulnerable. Herd immunity lessens this vulnerability, if all the children are vaccinated. Increasing herd immunity during an outbreak or threatened outbreak is perhaps the most widely accepted justification for mass vaccination. Mass vaccination also helps to increase coverage rapidly, thus obtaining herd immunity, when a new vaccine is introduced.

Few deny the improvements vaccination has made to public health, unlike most other medical interventions, vaccines are given to healthy people, and people are far less willing to tolerate vaccines’ adverse effects than the adverse effects of other treatments. As the success of immunization programs increases and the incidence of disease decreases, public attention shifts away from the risks of disease to the risk of vaccination, it becomes a serious challenge for health authorities to preserve public support for vaccination programs.

Low immunisation areas

  • Far West NSW – 85 per cent of children fully immunised at one year
  • North Coast NSW – 88 per cent of children fully immunised at one year
  • Fremantle WA – 90 per cent of children fully immunised at one year
  • Eastern Sydney – 89 per cent of children fully immunised at two years
  • Sunshine Coast – 89 per cent of children fully immunised at two years
  • Perth Central & East Metro – 90 per cent per cent of children fully immunised at two years
  • Eastern Sydney – 84 per cent of children fully immunised at five years
  • North NSW Coast – 86 per cent of children fully immunised at five years
  • Central Adelaide & Hills – 86 per cent of children fully immunised at five years

Concerns Over Immunisation Safety Follows a Pattern

Some investigators suggest that a medical condition of increasing prevalence or unknown cause is an adverse effect of vaccination. The initial study, and subsequent studies by the same group, have inadequate methodology, typically a poorly controlled or uncontrolled case series.

  • A premature announcement is made of the alleged adverse effect, resonating with individuals suffering the condition, and underestimating the potential harm to those whom the vaccine could protect.
  • The initial study is not reproduced by other groups, nor is it scientifically tested.
  • Finally, it takes several years to regain public confidence in the vaccine. Adverse effects ascribed to vaccines typically have an unknown origin, an increasing incidence, some biological plausibility, occurrences close to the time of vaccination, and dreaded outcomes.

Controversies revolve around the question of whether the risks following immunization outweigh the benefits of preventing adverse effects of common diseases. Most anti-vaccination groups work on the premise ‘why should a parent take even a small risk that their child will suffer adverse vaccine effect’.

Dr Hambleton says those spreading anti-vaccination messages are putting communities in danger, and should be ashamed of themselves.

“Anybody who spreads an anti-vaccination message is hurting our children,” he said.

He says it is the first time there has been insufficient vaccination levels in certain pockets of Australia to prevent serious disease from spreading. In Victoria, which has some of the highest vaccination rates in the country, there are pockets where rates are falling below safe levels.

“Ninety-three per cent of kids need to be vaccinated to stop the spread [of disease],” Dr Hambleton said. “That takes into account the vaccines that don’t work. We are nowhere near 93 per cent in probably 60 areas around the country, which is really disturbing.”

Dr Hambleton says outbreaks are already occurring in areas where immunisation rates are low.

“In northern NSW, we have seen a measles outbreak,” Dr Hambleton said. “It is no coincidence we have seen a measles outbreak in south-east Queensland. These are pockets where immunisation rates are falling. “Generally measles comes from overseas, but it won’t spread unless there is susceptible population and in both those areas, there is susceptible population.”

He says parents are becoming lax because they don’t realise how bad these diseases are.

“People haven’t seen the devastating effects of mumps and measles,” Dr Hambleton said. “Twenty years ago was the last case of measles I saw. The child was like a rag doll, it had a shocking rash, was limp in their mother’s arms and their mother was terrified. That image is not something parents of today have seen and not an image many doctors have seen. If anyone has heard whooping cough in a child below six months, you will never forget it. It is an awful sound.”

In the US the New England Journal of Medicine laid the blame for clusters of disease outbreaks throughout the US squarely at the feet of declining vaccination rates, while nonprofit health care provider Kaiser Permanente reported that unvaccinated children were 23 times more likely to get pertussis. In the June issue of the journal Pediatrics, Jason Glanz, an epidemiologist at Kaiser’s Institute for Health Research, revealed that the number of reported pertussis cases jumped from 1,000 in 1976 to 26,000 in 2004. A disease that vaccines made rare, in other words, is making a comeback. “This study helps dispel one of the commonly held beliefs among vaccine-refusing parents: that their children are not at risk for vaccine-preventable diseases,” Glanz said :: Wired Magazine – Amy Wallace

Healthy Communities: Immunisation Rates for Children 2011-12

The report noted that vaccination rates were “reassuringly high” in some local areas which had more than 95 per cent of children fully immunised. Federal Health Minister Tanya Plibersek says the report is a good resource for parents to see how their own community is doing.

“There are some areas of Australia that are really slipping behind with rates as low as 80 per cent, in some cases even lower,” Ms Plibersek said. “The areas that have lower than average coverage are not necessarily remote areas or poor areas, they are even places like the eastern suburbs of Sydney where vaccination rates are significantly lower. Those communities that have lower vaccination rates, there are of course dangers of infections diseases taking hold.”

Ms Plibersek says health authorities need to work with parents to help dispel their fears.

“We need to work with those parents, help them to address their concerns and remind them that the science is on this and vaccination is the safest and most effective way of protecting their children and our whole community,” she said.

But she says on the whole, vaccination rates in Australia have improved over the last five years.

“We’ve gone from, for example, 83 per cent vaccination in 2007 to 90 per cent vaccination in 2011 of children who are fully immunised at five years,” Ms Plibersek said. “We’ve seen a narrowing also in the gap between Indigenous children not being fully vaccinated. They’re almost at the national average now, which is a terrific improvement.”

source: abc

source: wired

source: avn

source: lww-lkwhealth

source: scribd

source: wikipedia

image source: australiandoctor


Extra Brain Cells MIGHT Explain AutismCLUE! We recieved this comment on our Extra Brain Cells May Explain Autism post

Regressive autism is not caused by genes. The relation to genes rests in the fact that our physiology is a combination of our genetic blueprint & our environment. Our genes can predispose some kids to be adversely affected by their environment in a way that produces symptoms of autism in their behaviors.

That environment includes anything that is not genetic, i.e. nutrition (in or out of the womb), toxins we are inadvertantly or deliberately exposed to (pollution, drugs, vaccines, toxic residues in food, air inside a home etc etc) or our interaction with other human beings in any of our varied activities during our lives.

Regressive autism (20-49% of autism) is triggered by something in our environment. Vaccines are proved to cause brain damage, seizures, autoimmune brain disorders & much more (source – Vaccine Injury Table). Many toxins & drugs are impairing our immune systems (PFCs linked to supressing infant immune reactions to vaccine antigens & drugs like Enbrel, Remicade, Singulair, Nasonex, dozens of others deliberately suppressing immune function to stop allergic reactions or autoimmune disorders – Source EPA & package inserts for listed medications)

An adverse event is any coincidental medical problem that occurs within 30 days of a vaccination. An adverse reaction is any medical disorder that a manufacturer has evidence the vaccine or drug caused the disorder.

Some adverse reactions causally linked to MMR vaccine are diabetes, encephalitis, autoimmune blood disorders, ADEM/MIBE (autoimmune brain disorders), chronic arthritis (up to 26% of women & 3% of kids) & MUCH MORE!! (Source – MMR package insert).

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