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Sci-Fi Author Ray Bradbury Dies Age 91

Posted: June 7th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: STANDOUT | Tags: , , , , | No Comments »

Ray Bradbury 1959Prolific Ray Bradbury, American Sci-Fi author who was pivotal in popularising the genre with works like as The Martian Chronicles, has died at the age of 91.

“Mr Bradbury died peacefully, last night, in Los Angeles, after a long illness,” a spokesman for his publisher HarperCollins said.

“The world has lost one of the best writers it’s ever known, and one of the dearest men to my heart. RIP Ray Bradbury – Ol’ Gramps,” Bradbury’s grandson Danny Karapetian said via Twitter.

Born August 2, 1920, in Waukegan, Illinois, the gregarious Bradbury left a massive body of work, including Fahrenheit 451, Now and Forever, I live in the Invisible, The Illustrated Man and Something Wicked This Way Comes Bradbury is credited with writing 27 novels and over 600 short stories. More than eight million copies of his works, published in over 36 languages, have been sold around the world ::::

Sci-Fi Author Ray Bradbury Dies Age 91 - Bradbury (1975)

Millions of Bradbury’s books have been sold around the world and his stories translated into dozens of languages.

A child of the Depression born in small-town Illinois, he grew up reading Jules Verne, HG Wells, Edgar Allan Poe and George Bernard Shaw. As a writer he first made an impact with The Martian Chronicles, a series of stories about Earth colonisers destroying telepathic Martians.

Over his long career there were hundreds of novels, plays, scripts and poetry. Bradbury called himself a ‘hybrid’ author, ranging across fantasy, horror and science fiction.

The novel, which Bradbury wrote on a rented typewriter at the UCLA library, featured a world that might sound familiar to 21st century readers; wall-sized interactive televisions, earpiece communication systems, omnipresent advertising and political correctness.

“In science fiction, we dream,” Bradbury told the New York Times.

The famous American futurist and writer lived in the same house for 50 years, called the internet a distraction, and did not like electronic books. He was disdainful of automatic teller machines and denounced video games as “a waste of time for men with nothing else to do”.”Two or three years out of high school my stories were terrible, but I had to lie to myself that someday I would become excellent,” he said.

“And by gosh, by writing every day, for 20 years, I became excellent.”

Bradbury brought not only futuristic vision but a literary sensibility to science fiction and fantasy writing. His interest in writing began as a boy and even in his later years he liked to write daily – whether it was a novel, a short story, a screenplay or a poem.

“The great fun in my life has been getting up every morning and rushing to the typewriter because some new idea has hit me,” he said on his 80th birthday.

He long bemoaned the end of manned missions to the Moon and had an asteroid and a lunar crater named after one of his works.

His biographer, Sam Weller, said he had a singular, wild American imagination. “Even until his very late years when he grew much more frail obviously, his energy was still fantastic,” Weller said.

“I think he altered the landscape of fantasy forever. Stephen King said to me once in an interview there is no Stephen King without Ray Bradbury.”

source: reuters

Wiki - Ray Douglas Bradbury

Ray Douglas Bradbury (August 22, 1920 – June 5, 2012) was an American fantasy, horror, science fiction, andmystery writer. Best known for his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 (1953) and for the science fiction stories gathered together as The Martian Chronicles (1950) and The Illustrated Man (1951), Bradbury was one of the most celebrated among 20th century American writers of speculative fiction. Many of Bradbury’s works have been adapted into television shows or films.

“In order to colonise in space, to rebuild our cities… to tackle any number of problems, we must imagine the future, including the new technologies that are required…

Bradbury was born in 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois, to Esther (Moberg) Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant and Leonard Spaulding Bradbury, a power and telephone lineman.

Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding. He was also directly descended from Mary Bradbury, who was tried, convicted and sentenced to hang as a witch in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692. She was married to Captain Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury, Massachusetts.

Bradbury was a reader and writer throughout his youth who was greatly influenced by the writings of Edgar Allan Poe. Bradbury was especially impressed with Poe’s ability to draw readers into his works. In his youth, he spent much time in the Carnegie library in Waukegan, Illinois, reading such authors as H.G. Wells, Jules Verne, and his favorite author, Edgar Rice Burroughs, who wrote novels such as Tarzan of the Apes and The Warlord of Mars. He loved Burroughs’ The Warlord of Mars so much that at the age of twelve he wrote his own sequel. An aunt read him short stories when he was a child. He used this library as a setting for much of his novel Something Wicked This Way Comes, and depicted Waukegan as “Green Town” in some of his other semi-autobiographical novels — Dandelion WineFarewell Summer — as well as in many of his short stories.

He attributed to two incidents his lifelong habit of writing every day. The first of these, occurring when he was three years old, was his mother’s taking him to see Lon Chaney’s performance in The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The second incident occurred in 1932, when a carnival entertainer, one Mr. Electrico, touched the young man on the nose with an electrified sword, made his hair stand on end, and shouted, “Live forever!” Bradbury remarked, “I felt that something strange and wonderful had happened to me because of my encounter with Mr. Electrico…[he] gave me a future…I began to write, full-time. I have written every single day of my life since that day 69 years ago.” It was at that age that Bradbury first started to do magic, which was his first great love. If he had not discovered writing, he would have become a magician.

The Bradbury family lived in Tucson, Arizona, in 1926–1927 and 1932–1933 as the father pursued employment, each time returning to Waukegan, but eventually settled in Los Angeles in 1934, when Ray was thirteen. Bradbury graduated from Los Angeles High School, where he took poetry and short story writing courses that furthered his interest in writing, but he did not attend college. Instead, he sold newspapers at the corner of South Norton Avenue and Olympic Boulevard. In regard to his education, Bradbury said:

Libraries raised me. I don’t believe in colleges and universities. I believe in libraries because most students don’t have any money. When I graduated from high school, it was during the Depression and we had no money. I couldn’t go to college, so I went to the library three days a week for 10 years.

It was in UCLA’s Powell Library, in a study room with typewriters for rent, that Bradbury wrote his classic story of a book-burning future, The Fireman, which contained about 25,000 words. It was later published at about 50,000 words under the name, Fahrenheit 451, for a total cost of $9.80, due to the library’s typewriter rental fees of ten cents per half-hour.

“Science fiction is also a great way to pretend you are writing about the future when in reality you are attacking the recent past and the present.”

Ray Bradbury was free to start a career in writing when, owing to his bad eyesight, he was rejected admission into the military during World War II. Having been inspired by science fiction heroes like Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers, Bradbury began to publish science fiction stories in fanzines in 1938. Bradbury was invited by Forrest J Ackerman to attend the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society, which at the time met at Clifton’s Cafeteria in downtown Los Angeles. This was where he met the writers Robert A. Heinlein, Emil Petaja, Fredric Brown, Henry Kuttner, Leigh Brackett, and Jack Williamson. His first published story was “Hollerbochen’s Dilemma”, which appeared in the fanzine Imagination! in January, 1938. Launching his own fanzine in 1939, titled Futuria Fantasia, he wrote most of its four issues, each limited to under 100 copies. Between 1941 and 1947, he was a contributor to Rob Wagner’s film magazine, Script.

Bradbury’s first paid piece, “Pendulum”, written with Henry Hasse, was published in the pulp magazine Super Science Stories in November 1941, for which he earned $15. He became a full-time writer by the end of 1942. His first collection of short stories,Dark Carnival, was published in 1947 by Arkham House, a small press in Sauk City, Wisconsin, owned by writer August Derleth.

A chance encounter in a Los Angeles bookstore with the British expatriate writer Christopher Isherwood gave Bradbury the opportunity to put The Martian Chronicles into the hands of a respected critic. Isherwood’s glowing review followed.

Once described as a “Midwest surrealist”, he is generally labeled a science fiction writer. Bradbury resists that categorization, however:

First of all, I don’t write science fiction. I’ve only done one science fiction book and that’s Fahrenheit 451, based on reality. It was named so to represent the temperature at which paper ignites. Science fiction is a depiction of the real. Fantasy is a depiction of the unreal. So Martian Chronicles is not science fiction, it’s fantasy. It couldn’t happen, you see? That’s the reason it’s going to be around a long time — because it’s a Greek myth, and myths have staying power.

On another occasion, Bradbury observed that the novel touches on the alienation of people by media:

In writing the short novel Fahrenheit 451 I thought I was describing a world that might evolve in four or five decades. But only a few weeks ago, in Beverly Hills one night, a husband and wife passed me, walking their dog. I stood staring after them, absolutely stunned. The woman held in one hand a small cigarette-package-sized radio, its antenna quivering. From this sprang tiny copper wires which ended in a dainty cone plugged into her right ear. There she was, oblivious to man and dog, listening to far winds and whispers and soap opera cries, sleep walking, helped up and down curbs by a husband who might just as well not have been there. This was not fiction.

Besides his fiction work, Bradbury wrote many short essays on the arts and culture, attracting the attention of critics in this field. Bradbury also hosted “The Ray Bradbury Theater” which was based on his short stories. Bradbury was a consultant for the American Pavilion at the 1964 New York World’s Fair and the original exhibit housed in Epcot’s Spaceship Earth geosphere at Walt Disney World. In the 1980s, Bradbury concentrated on detective fiction.

In addition, many comic books have adapted Bradbury’s stories. Among the most celebrated of these were E.C.’s line of horror and science-fiction comics, which often featured Bradbury’s name on the cover anouncing that one story in that issue would be an adaptation of his work. The comics featuring Bradbury’s stories included TAles From The Crypt, WEIRD SCIENCE, WEIRD FANTASY, CRIME SUSPENSTORIES, HAUNT OF FEAR and others. WEIRD FANTASY #13 contained two Bradbury plot rip-offs, which publisher William M. Gaines later admitted were swiped from Bradbury’s stories and when he caught them, Bradbury phoned the E.C. offices and an amicable agreement was reached. Thereafter a nominal fee was paid to Bradbury for every adaptation, including the ones that were used for WEIRD FANTASY #13. Stories such as “The Black Ferris”, “The Handler”, “The Screaming Woman”, “Let’s Play Poison”, “There Will Come Soft Rains”, “The October Game”, The Small Assassin”, “The Long Years”, “Zero Hour”, “The Flying Machine”, “The Lake” and others all received the E.C. treatment, in beautifully drawn adaptations drawn by artist Graham Ingels, Jack Davis, George Evans, Jack Kamen, Wallace Wood, Joe Orlando and others. Bradbury loved these comics. Paperback book collections of the comics were reprinted in black and white in the 1960s, with covers by Frank Frazetta.

“The problem with the world is doomsayers. We’re surrounded by negative people – I can’t stand them,” Bradbury said.

Ray Bradbury was married to Marguerite McClure (1922–2003) from 1947 until her death; they had four daughters: Susan, Ramona, Bettina and Alexandra. Bradbury never obtained a driver’s license. This was due to him witnessing a fatal crash near the corner of Vermont and Jefferson St. in Los Angeles.

Bradbury was a close friend of Charles Addams, and Addams illustrated the first of Bradbury’s stories about the Elliotts, a family that would resemble Addams’ own Addams Family placed in rural Illinois. Bradbury’s first story about them was “Homecoming,” published in the 1946 Halloween issue of Mademoiselle, with Addams illustrations. He and Addams planned a larger collaborative work that would tell the family’s complete history, but it never materialized, and according to a 2001 interview, they went their separate ways. In October 2001, Bradbury published all the Family stories he had written in one book with a connecting narrative, From the Dust Returned, featuring a wraparound Addams cover of the original “Homecoming” illustration.

Another close friend was animator Ray Harryhausen. During a BAFTA 2010 awards tribute in honour of Ray Harryhausen’s 90th birthday, Bradbury spoke of his first meeting Harryhausen at Forrest J Ackerman’s house when they were both 18 years old. Their shared love for science fiction, King Kong, and the King Vidor-directed film The Fountainhead, written by Ayn Rand, was the beginning of a lifelong friendship. These early influences inspired the pair to believe in themselves and affirm their career choices. Since their first meeting, they kept in touch at least once a month, spanning over 70 years of friendship.

Bradbury suffered a stroke in 1999 that left him partially dependent on a wheelchair for mobility. Despite this, Bradbury continued to write throughout his old age, and had even written an essay on his inspiration for writing for the New Yorker published a week preceding his death. Bradbury made regular appearances at science fiction conventions until 2009 when he retired from the circuit on the grounds of old age and lack of energy.

Despite the numerous (and often prescient) technological predictions of his novels, he expressed skepticism about the value of the Internet to society, stating that it has reduced people’s ability to communicate and hold conversations with each other. He also exhibited skepticism with regard to modern technology by resisting the conversion of his work into e-books and stating that

“We have too many cellphones. We’ve got too many internets. We have got to get rid of those machines. We have too many machines now.”

When the publishing rights for Fahrenheit 451 came up for renewal in December 2011, Bradbury conceded to allow the work to be published in an electronic form on the demand that the publisher, Simon & Schuster, allow the e-book to be digitally downloaded by any library patron; the title remains the only book in the Simon & Schuster catalog where this is possible.

Bradbury died in Los Angeles, California, on June 5, 2012, at the age of 91, after a “lengthy illness”.

The New York Times‘ obituary stated that Bradbury was “the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream.” The Los Angeles Times credited Bradbury with the ability “to write lyrically and evocatively of lands an imagination away, worlds he anchored in the here and now with a sense of visual clarity and small-town familiarity”. Bradbury’s grandson, Danny Karapetian, stated that Bradbury’s works had “influenced so many artists, writers, teachers, scientists, and it’s always really touching and comforting to hear their stories”. The Washington Post hallmarked several modern day technologies that Bradbury had envisioned much earlier in his writing, such as the idea of banking ATMs and earbuds and Bluetooth headsets from Farhenheit 451, and the concepts of artificial intelligence within I Sing the Body Electric!.

Several celebrity fans of Bradbury paid tribute to the author by stating the influence of his works on their own careers and creations. Filmmaker Steven Spielbergstated that Bradbury was “[his] muse for the better part of [his] sci-fi career…. On the world of science fiction and fantasy and imagination he is immortal”. Writer Neil Gaiman felt that “the landscape of the world we live in would have been diminished if we had not had him in our world”.

Bradbury chose a burial place at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles with a headstone that reads “Author of Fahrenheit 451”.

“I’ve been surrounded by people who never believed in the future. It was true then, it’s true today.”

Bradbury is credited with writing 27 novels and over 600 short stories. More than eight million copies of his works, published in over 36 languages, have been sold around the world.

From 1951 to 1954, 27 of Bradbury’s stories were adapted by Al Feldstein for EC Comics, and 16 of these were collected in the paperbacks, The Autumn People (1965) and Tomorrow Midnight (1966), both published by Ballantine Books with cover illustrations by Frank Frazetta.

Also in the early 1950s, adaptations of Bradbury’s stories were televised on a variety of anthology shows, including Tales of TomorrowLights OutOut ThereSuspenseCBS Television WorkshopJane Wyman’s Fireside TheatreStar TonightWindows and Alfred Hitchcock Presents. “The Merry-Go-Round,” a half-hour film adaptation of Bradbury’s “The Black Ferris,” praised by Variety, was shown on Starlight Summer Theater in 1954 and NBC’s Sneak Preview in 1956. During that same period, several stories were adapted for radio drama, notably on the science fiction anthologies Dimension X and its successor X Minus One.

Producer William Alland first brought Bradbury to movie theaters in 1953 with It Came from Outer Space, a Harry Essexscreenplay developed from Bradbury’s screen treatment “Atomic Monster”. Three weeks later came the release of Eugène Lourié’s The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953), which featured one scene based on Bradbury’s “The Fog Horn”, about a sea monster mistaking the sound of a fog horn for the mating cry of a female. Bradbury’s close friend Ray Harryhausen produced the stop-motion animation of the creature. Bradbury would later return the favor by writing a short story, “Tyrannosaurus Rex”, about a stop-motion animator who strongly resembled Harryhausen. Over the next 50 years, more than 35 features, shorts, and TV movies were based on Bradbury’s stories or screenplays.

Bradbury was hired in 1953 by director John Huston to work on the screenplay for the 1956 film Moby Dick, which was faithfully based on the novel by Herman Melville and starred Gregory Peck as Captain Ahab, Richard Basehart as Ishmael, and Orson Welles as Father Mapple. A significant result of the film was Bradbury’s book Green Shadows, White Whale, a semi-fictionalized account of the making of the film, including Bradbury’s dealings with Huston and his time in Ireland, where exterior scenes that were set in New Bedford, Massachusetts, were filmed.

Bradbury’s short story I Sing the Body Electric (from the book of the same name) was adapted for the 100th episode of The Twilight Zone. The episode was first aired on May 18, 1962.

In 1965, three of Ray Bradbury’s stories were adapted for the stage. These included The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit, The Day It Rained Forever and Device Out Of Time. The latter was adapted from his 1957 novel Dandelion Wine. The plays debuted at the Coronet Theater in Hollywood and featured Booth Coleman, Joby Baker,Fredric Villani, Arnold Lessing, Eddie Sallia, Keith Taylor, Richard Bull, Gene Otis Shane, Henry T. Delgado, F. Murray Abraham, Anne Loosand Len Lesser. The director was Charles Rome Smith and the production company was Pandemonium Productions.

Oskar Werner and Julie Christie starred in Fahrenheit 451 (1966), an adaptation of Bradbury’s novel directed by François Truffaut.

In 1966 Bradbury helped Lynn Garrison create AVIAN, a specialist aviation magazine. For the first issue Bradbury wrote a poem – Planes that land on grass.

In 1969, The Illustrated Man was brought to the big screen, starring Rod Steiger, Claire Bloom and Robert Drivas. Containing the prologue and three short stories from the book, the film received mediocre reviews.

The Martian Chronicles became a three-part TV miniseries starring Rock Hudson which was first broadcast by NBC in 1980. Bradbury found the miniseries “just boring”.

The 1983 horror film Something Wicked This Way Comes, starring Jason Robards and Jonathan Pryce, is based on the Bradbury novel of the same name.

In 1984, Michael McDonough of Brigham Young University produced “Bradbury 13,” a series of 13 audio adaptations of famous Ray Bradbury stories, in conjunction with National Public Radio. The full-cast dramatizations featured adaptations of “The Ravine,” “Night Call, Collect,” “The Veldt”, “There Was an Old Woman,” “Kaleidoscope,” “Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed”, “The Screaming Woman,” “A Sound of Thunder,” “The Man,” “The Wind,” “The Fox and the Forest,” “Here There Be Tygers” and “The Happiness Machine”. Voiceover actor Paul Frees provided narration, while Bradbury himself was responsible for the opening voiceover; Greg Hansen and Roger Hoffman scored the episodes. The series won a Peabody Award as well as two Gold Cindy awards and was released on CD on May 1, 2010. The series began airing on BBC Radio 4 Extra on June 12, 2011.

From 1985 to 1992 Bradbury hosted a syndicated anthology television series, The Ray Bradbury Theater, for which he adapted 65 of his stories. Each episode would begin with a shot of Bradbury in his office, gazing over mementoes of his life, which he states (in narrative) are used to spark ideas for stories. During the first two seasons, Bradbury also provided additional voiceover narration specific to the featured story and appeared on screen.

Five episodes of the USSR science fiction TV series This Fantastic World adapted Ray Bradbury’s stories I Sing The Body ElectricFahrenheit 451A Piece of Wood,To the Chicago Abyss, and Forever and the Earth. A Soviet adaptation of “The Veldt” was filmed in 1987.

The 1998 film The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit, released by Touchstone Pictures, was written by Ray Bradbury. It was based on his story “The Magic White Suit” originally published in The Saturday Evening Post in 1957. The story had also previously been adapted as a play, a musical, and a 1958 television version.

In 2002, Bradbury’s own Pandemonium Theatre Company production of Fahrenheit 451 at Burbank’s Falcon Theatre combined live acting with projected digital animation by the Pixel Pups. In 1984, Telarium released a game for Commodore 64 based on Fahrenheit 451. Bradbury and director Charles Rome Smith co-founded Pandemonium in 1964, staging the New York production of The World of Ray Bradbury (1964), adaptations of “The Pedestrian”, “The Veldt”, and “To the Chicago Abyss.”

In 2005, the film A Sound of Thunder was released, loosely based upon the short story of the same name. The film The Butterfly Effect revolves around the same theory as A Sound of Thunder and contains many references to its inspiration. Short film adaptations of A Piece of Wood and The Small Assassin were released in 2005 and 2007 respectively.

In 2005, it was reported that Bradbury was upset with filmmaker Michael Moore for using the title Fahrenheit 9/11, which is an allusion to Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, for his documentary about the George W. Bush administration. Bradbury expressed displeasure with Moore’s use of the title but stated that his resentment was not politically motivated, even though Bradbury was a noted conservative. Bradbury asserted that he did not want any of the money made by the movie, nor did he believe that he deserved it. He pressured Moore to change the name, but to no avail. Moore called Bradbury two weeks before the film’s release to apologize, saying that the film’s marketing had been set in motion a long time ago and it was too late to change the title.

In 2008, the film Ray Bradbury’s Chrysalis was produced by Roger Lay Jr. for Urban Archipelago Films, based upon the short story of the same name. The film won the best feature award at the International Horror and Sci-Fi Film Festival in Phoenix. The film has international distribution by Arsenal Pictures and domestic distribution by Lightning Entertainment.

In 2010, The Martian Chronicles was adapted for radio by Colonial Radio Theatre on the Air. Bradbury’s works and approach to writing are documented in Terry Sanders’ film Ray Bradbury: Story of a Writer (1963).

2004 - George W. Bush - Ray Bradbury - Laura Bush - National Medal of Arts

Awards

  • The Ray Bradbury Award, presented by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America for screenwriting, was named in Bradbury’s honor.
  • For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Ray Bradbury was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6644 Hollywood Blvd.
  • In 1971, an impact crater on Earth’s moon was named “Dandelion Crater” by the Apollo 15 astronauts, in honor of Bradbury’s novel Dandelion Wine.
  • Ray Bradbury Park was dedicated in Waukegan, Illinois in 1990. The author was present for the ribbon-cutting ceremony. The park contains locations described in Dandelion Wine, most notably the “113 steps” stairs. In 2009 an interpretive panel designed by artist Michael Pavelich was added to the park detailing the history of Ray Bradbury and Ray Bradbury Park.
  • An asteroid discovered in 1992 was named “9766 Bradbury” in his honor.
  • In 1994, Bradbury received the Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award, presented annually by the Tulsa Library Trust.
  • In 1994, He won an Emmy Award for the screenplay of The Halloween Tree.
  • Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters Award for 2000 from the National Book Foundation.
  • Honorary doctorate from Woodbury University in 2003. Bradbury presents the Ray Bradbury Creativity Award each year at Woodbury University. Winners include sculptor Robert Graham, actress Anjelica Huston, Cosmopolitan editorHelen Gurley Brown, director Irvin Kershner, humorist Stan Freberg, and architect Jon A. Jerde.
  • On November 17, 2004, Bradbury was the recipient of the National Medal of Arts, presented by President George W. Bush and Laura Bush. Bradbury also received the World Fantasy Award life achievement, Stoker Award life achievement, SFWA Grand Master, SF Hall of Fame Living Inductee, and First Fandom Award. He received an Emmy Award for his work on The Halloween Tree. He received the Prometheus Award for Fahrenheit 451.
  • On April 16, 2007, Bradbury received a special citation from The Pulitzer Board, “for his distinguished, prolific, and deeply influential career as an unmatched author of science fiction and fantasy.”
  • In 2007, Bradbury received the French Commandeur Ordre des Arts et des Lettres medal.
  • In 2008, he was named SFPA Grandmaster.
  • In 2009, Ray Bradbury received a Honorary Doctrine Degree at the 2009 Columbia College Commencement Ceremony in Chicago, Illinois, where he gave a remarkable and unforgettable speech about his life and how to live life to the graduating class of 2009
  • In 2010, Spike TV Scream Awards Comic-Con Icon Award went to Ray Bradbury
  • In 2010, on occasion of his 90th birthday, Bradbury received Pulsar Award from Sarajevo SF Club PulSar

 

ANTHOLOGY

Novels

  • (1950) The Martian Chronicles
  • (1953) Fahrenheit 451
  • (1957) Dandelion Wine
  • (1962) Something Wicked This Way Comes
  • (1972) The Halloween Tree
  • (1985) Death Is a Lonely Business
  • (1990) A Graveyard for Lunatics
  • (1992) Green Shadows, White Whale
  • (2001) From the Dust Returned
  • (2002) Let’s All Kill Constance
  • (2006) Farewell Summer

Collections

In addition to these collections, many of Bradbury’s short stories have been published in multi-author anthologies. Almost fifty additional Bradbury stories have never been collected anywhere after their initial publication in periodicals.

  • (1947) Dark Carnival
  • (1951) The Illustrated Man
  • (1953) The Golden Apples of the Sun
  • (1955) The October Country
  • (1959) A Medicine for Melancholy
  • (1959) The Day It Rained Forever
  • (1962) The Small Assassin
  • (1962) R is for Rocket
  • (1964) The Machineries of Joy
  • (1965) The Autumn People
  • (1965) The Vintage Bradbury
  • (1966) Tomorrow Midnight
  • (1966) S is for Space
  • (1966) Twice 22
  • (1969) I Sing The Body Electric
  • (1975) Ray Bradbury
  • (1976) Long After Midnight
  • (1979) The Fog Horn & Other Stories
  • (1980) One Timeless Spring
  • (1980) The Last Circus and the Electrocution
  • (1980) The Stories of Ray Bradbury
  • (1981) The Fog Horn and Other Stories
  • (1983) Dinosaur Tales
  • (1984) A Memory of Murder
  • (1985) The Wonderful Death of Dudley Stone
  • (1988) The Toynbee Convector
  • (1990) Classic Stories 1
  • (1990) Classic Stories 2
  • (1991) The Parrot Who Met Papa
  • (1991) Selected from Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed
  • (1996) Quicker Than The Eye
  • (1997) Driving Blind
  • (2001) Ray Bradbury Collected Short Stories
  • (2001) The Playground
  • (2002) One More for the Road
  • (2003) Bradbury Stories: 100 of His Most Celebrated Tales
  • (2003) Is That You, Herb?
  • (2004) The Cat’s Pajamas: Stories
  • (2005) A Sound of Thunder and Other Stories
  • (2007) The Dragon Who Ate His Tail
  • (2007) Now and Forever: Somewhere a Band is Playing & Leviathan ’99
  • (2007) Summer Morning, Summer Night
  • (2009) Ray Bradbury Stories Volume 2
  • (2009) We’ll Always Have Paris: Stories
  • (2011) The Collected Stories of Ray Bradbury: A Critical Edition – Volume 1, 1938–1943

Anthologies

Bradbury edited these collections of works by other authors

  • (1952) Timeless Stories for Today and Tomorrow
  • (1956) The Circus of Dr. Lao and Other Improbable Stories

Short Stories

Bradbury has written over 400 novelettes and short stories.

  • (1938) Hollerbochen’s Dilemma
  • (1938) Hollerbochen Comes Back
  • (1939) Don’t Get Technatal
  • (1939) Gold
  • (1939) The Pendulum
  • (1940) The Maiden of Jirbu (with Bob Tucker)
  • (1940) Tale of the Tortletwitch (as Guy Amory)
  • (1941) The Trouble with Humans is People
  • (1941) Pendulum (with Henry Hasse)
  • (1942) The Candle
  • (1943) The Scythe
  • (1944) The Lake
  • (1945) The Watchers
  • (1945) The Big Black and White Game
  • (1945) Invisible Boy
  • (1946) The Traveller
  • (1946) Homecoming
  • (1947) I See You Never
  • (1947) The Small Assassin
  • (1948) Mars is Heaven!
  • (1948) The Fruit at the Bottom of the Bowl (also published as Touch and Go)
  • (1949) The Exiles (also published as The Mad Wizards of Mars)
  • (1949) Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed
  • (1950) I’ll Not Look For Wine
  • (1950) The Veldt
  • (1950) There Will Come Soft Rains
  • (1950) August 2002: Night Meeting
  • (1951) The Fireman
  • (1951) The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (also published as The Fog Horn)
  • (1951) The Pedestrian
  • (1952) A Sound of Thunder
  • (1952) The April Witch
  • (1953) The Flying Machine (short story)
  • (1953) The Meadow
  • (1953) Dandelion Wine
  • (1954) All Summer in a Day
  • (1956) The Sound of Summer Running (also published as Summer in the Air)
  • (1957) Sun and Shadow
  • (1958) The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit (also published as The Magic White Suit[3])
  • (1959) A Medicine for Melancholy
  • (1960) The Best of All Possible Worlds
  • (1962) The Machineries of Joy
  • (1963) Tyrranosaurus Rex
  • (1964) The Cold Wind and the Warm
  • (1966) The Man in the Rorschach Shirt
  • (1967) The Lost City of Mars
  • (1978) The Mummies of Guanajuato
  • (1969) Downwind From Gettysburg
  • (1979) The Aqueduct
  • (1984) The Toynbee Convector
  • (1988) The Dragon
  • (1994) From the Dust Returned
  • (2003) Is That You, Herb?
  • (2009) Juggernaut

Plays

  • (1953) The Flying Machine: A One-Act Play for Three Men
  • (1963) The Anthem Sprinters and Other Antics
  • (1965) A Device Out of Time: A One-Act Play
  • (1966) The Day It Rained Forever: A Comedy in One Act
  • (1966) The Pedestrian: A Fantasy in One Act
  • (1972) Leviathan ’99: A Drama for the Stage
  • (1972) The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit and Other Plays
  • (1975) Pillar of Fire and Other Plays for Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond Tomorrow
  • (1975) Kaleidoscope
  • (1976) That Ghost, That Bride of Time: Excerpts from a Play-in-Progress Based on the Moby Dick Mythology and Dedicated to Herman Melville
  • (1984) Forever and the Earth
  • (1986) The Martian Chronicles
  • (1986) The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit
  • (1986) Fahrenheit 451
  • (1988) Dandelion Wine
  • (1988) To The Chicago Abyss
  • (1988) The Veldt
  • (1988) Falling Upward
  • (1990) The Day It Rained Forever
  • (1991) Ray Bradbury on Stage: A Chrestomathy of His Plays
  • (2010) Wisdom 2116 (US) or Ray Bradbury’s 2116 The Musical (UK)

Screenplays + Teleplays

This list does not include adaptations by others of Bradbury’s published stories.

  • (1953) It Came from Outer Space (original treatment)
  • (1956) Moby Dick
  • Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre
    • (1956) The Bullet Trick / The Marked Bullet
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents
    • (1956) Shopping for Death
    • (1958) Design for Loving
    • (1959) Special Delivery
    • (1962) The Faith of Aaron Menefee (from the story by Stanley Ellin)
  • Steve Canyon
    • (1959) The Gift
  • Trouble Shooters
    • (1959) The Tunnel to Yesterday
  • (1961) King of Kings (narration, uncredited)
  • The Twilight Zone
    • (1962) I Sing the Body Electric
  • Alcoa Premiere
    • (1962) The Jail
  • (1962) Icarus Montgolfier Wright
  • (1963) Dial Double Zero (The Story of a Writer)
  • The Alfred Hitchcock Hour
    • (1964) The Life Work of Juan Diaz
  • (1969) The Picasso Summer
  • The Curiosity Shop
    • (1971) The Groon
  • (1979) Gnomes
  • (1982) The Electric Grandmother
  • (1983) Something Wicked This Way Comes
  • (1983) Quest
  • (1985-1992) The Ray Bradbury Theater
  • The Twilight Zone
    • (1986) The Elevator
  • (1992) Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland
  • (1993) The Halloween Tree
  • (1998) The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit

Children’s Literature

  • (1955) Switch on the Night
  • (1982) The Other Foot
  • (1982) The Veldt
  • (1987) The April Witch
  • (1987) The Fog Horn
  • (1987) Fever Dream
  • (1991) The Smile
  • (1992) The Toynbee Convector
  • (1997) With Cat for Comforter
  • (1997) Dogs Think That Every Day Is Christmas
  • (1998) Ahmed and the Oblivion Machines: A Fable
  • (2006) The Homecoming

Audio Releases

  • (1958) The Martian Chronicles (8 LPs)
  • (1962) Burgess Meredith Reads Ray Bradbury (LP)
  • (1963) Sum and Substance (LP)
  • (1967) The Martian Chronicles (5 LPs)
  • (1969) Teaching Guide – “The Smile” (LP)
  • (1971) Christus Apollo (LP)
  • (1973) Dimension X (cassette)
  • (1974) Three Classic Stories (cassette)
  • (1975) The Martian Chronicles: There Will Come Soft Rains and Usher II (LP)
  • (1975) The Illustrated Man (2 cassettes)
  • (1976) The Illustrated Man: The Veldt and Marionettes, Inc. (LP/cassette)
  • (1976) The Martian Chronicles and The Illustrated Man (cassette)
  • (1977) The Martian Chronicles (2 cassettes)
  • (1977) Science Fiction Soundbook (cassette)
  • (1979) The Ray Bradbury Cassette Library (6 cassettes)
  • (1979) The Martian Chronicles: There Will Come Soft Rains and Usher II (cassette)
  • (1980) Long After Midnight (cassette)
  • (1980) Our Lady Queen of the Angels: A Celebrational Environment (cassette)
  • (1982) Fahrenheit 451 (cassette)
  • (1984) A Sound of Thunder/The Screaming Woman (cassette)
  • (1984) Bradbury 13 (cassette series)
  • (1985) The Martian Chronicles (2 cassettes)
  • (1985) Ray Bradbury Himself: Reads 19 Complete Stories (4 cassettes)
  • (1986) The Martian Chronicles (6 cassettes)
  • (1986) Fantastic Tales of Ray Bradbury (6 cassettes)
  • (1986) The Stories of Ray Bradbury (2 cassettes)
  • (1986) Ray Bradbury (cassette)
  • (1986) Night Call, Collect/The Ravine (cassette)
  • (1986) The Veldt/There Was An Old Woman (cassette)
  • (1986) The Wind/Dark They Were and Golden Eyed (cassette)
  • (1986) The Man: Interview With Ray Bradbury (cassette)
  • (1986) Kaleidoscope/Here There Be Tygers (cassette)
  • (1986) The Fox and the Forest/The Happiness Machine (cassette)
  • (1987) The Martian Chronicles (cassette)
  • (1987) Ray Bradbury (cassette)
  • (1987) Dandelion Wine (cassette)
  • (1988) Fahrenheit 451 (cassette/CD)
  • (1988) The Illustrated Man (cassette/CD)
  • (1988) Omni Audio Experience I (cassette)
  • (1988) The Golden Apples of the Sun (cassette/CD)
  • (1989) Death and the Compass/The Playground (cassette)
  • (1989) The Toynbee Convector (cassette)
  • (1989) Death and The Compass and The Playground – with Jorge Luis Borges (cassette)
  • (1990) I Sing The Body Electric (cassette/CD)
  • (1990) The October Country (cassette/CD)
  • (1990) Death is a Lonely Business (cassette/CD)
  • (1990) Long after Midnight/The Halloween Tree (cassette/CD)
  • (1991) Journeys Through Time and Space (cassette)
  • (1991) Ray Bradbury: Tales of Fantasy (2 cassettes)
  • (1991) Ray Bradbury (cassette)
  • (1991) Fahrenheit 451 (cassette)
  • (1991) The Martian Chronicles (cassette)
  • (1991) Nathaniel Hawthorne Read by Ray Bradbury (cassette)
  • (1992) A Sound of Thunder (cassette)
  • (1992) Kaleidoscope and There Was An Old Woman (cassette)
  • (1992) Green Shadows, White Whale (2 cassettes)
  • (1992) Ray Bradbury Himself: Reads 19 Complete Stories (4 cassettes)
  • (1993) William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy Read Four Science Fiction Classics (4 cassettes)
  • (1994) Dark They Were and Golden Eyed (cassette)
  • (1994) The Ravine and Here There Be Tygers (cassette)
  • (1994) The Man and The Happiness Machine (cassette)
  • (1994) The Illustrated Man (cassette)
  • (1994) The Wind and The Veldt (cassette)
  • (1994) Vanishing Point: Radio Dramas from the Fourth Dimension (cassette)
  • (1995) Fahrenheit 451 (cassette)
  • (1995) We Hold These Truths (CD)
  • (1996) The October Country (cassette)
  • (1996) Long After Midnight and The Halloween Tree (cassette)
  • (1996) I Sing The Body Electric (cassette)
  • (1996) Kaleidoscope/The Human Operators (cassette)
  • (1997) Something Wicked this Way Comes (6 cassettes)
  • (1997) The Martian Chronicles (cassette)
  • (1998) Ray Bradbury: Science Fiction (cassette)
  • (1999) The Ray Bradbury Theater (cassette)
  • (1999) The Science Fiction Theater (cassette)
  • (1997) Something Wicked this Way Comes (6 cassettes)
  • (2000) Science Fiction on Old Time Radio (cassette/CD)
  • (2001) Fahrenheit 451 (cassette/CD)
  • (2001) From the Dust Returned: A Family Remembrance (cassette)
  • (2001) Dark Carnival (CD)
  • (2001) The 60 Greatest Old Time Radio Shows from Science Fiction: Selected by Ray Bradbury (cassette/CD)
  • (2002) The Illustrated Man (CD/cassette)
  • (2002) One More for the Road: A New Story Collection (cassette)
  • (2002) 2000X: Tales of the Next Millennia (cassette/CD)
  • (2002) Christus Apollo (CD)
  • (2003) The War of The Worlds (CD)
  • (2004) The Greatest Science Fiction Shows (CD)
  • (2006) Fahrenheit 451 (3 CDs)
  • (2006) Farewell Summer (CD)
  • (2007) Now and Forever (cassette/CD)
  • (2007) Dandelion Wine (CD)
  • (2007) Something Wicked This Way Comes (CD)
  • (2008) Live Radio Theatre From the International Mystery Writers’ Festival (CD)
  • (2008) Selected Shorts: Readers and Writers (CD)
  • (2009) We’ll Always Have Paris (CD)
  • (2010) Bradbury 13 (CD)

Non-fiction

  • (1952) No Man Is an Island
  • (1962) The Essence of Creative Writing: Letters to a Young Aspiring Author
  • (1967) Creative Man Among His Servant Machines
  • (1978) The God in Science Fiction
  • (1979) About Norman Corwin
  • (1981) There is Life on Mars
  • (1985) The Art of Playboy
  • (1990) Zen in the Art of Writing
  • (1991) Yestermorrow: Obvious Answers to Impossible Futures
  • (2004) Conversations with Ray Bradbury (ed. Steven L. Aggelis)
  • (2005) Bradbury Speaks: Too Soon from the Cave, Too Far from the Stars
  • (2007) Match to Flame: The Fictional Paths to Fahrenheit 451

Miscellaneous

  • (1979) To Sing Strange Songs
  • (1979) Beyond 1984: Remembrance of Things Future
  • (1980) The Ghosts of Forever
  • (1982) The Love Affair
  • (1985) Long After Ecclesiastes: New Biblical Texts
  • (1998) Christus Apollo: Cantata Celebrating the Eighth Day of Creation and the Promise of the Ninth
  • (2000) Witness and Celebrate
  • (2001) A Chapbook for Burnt-Out Priests, Rabbis and Ministers
  • (2001) Dark Carnival (limited edition with supplemental materials)
  • (2003) The Best of The Ray Bradbury Chronicles
  • (2003) The Best of Ray Bradbury: The Graphic Novel
  • (2003) It Came from Outer Space (screenplay and related materials)
  • (2005) The Halloween Tree, limited lettered and numbered edition which includes the novel, screenplay, variant texts, and related materials
  • (2007) Futuria Fantasia
  • (2007) Somewhere a Band is Playing: Early Drafts and Final Novella
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